Global Wellness Day

Have you heard of “Global Wellness Day”? Wellness is far more than spa and beauty. They define wellness as:

“Wellness is an active process of becoming aware of and making choices towards a healthy and fulfilling life.  It is more than being free from illness, it is a dynamic process of change and growth. A good or satisfactory condition of existence; a state characterized by health, happiness, and prosperity; welfare.

“Wellness is a state of complete physical, mental, and social well-being, and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity.” – The World Health Organization.”

In their 7 step manifesto they promote

  1. walking an hour a day
  2. drinking more water
  3. don’t use plastic bottles
  4. eat healthy food
  5. do a good deed
  6. have a family dinner with your loved ones
  7. sleep at 10:00pm

Sound familiar to anything you know?

This year its on Saturday June 10. Is there a way we can use this to connect with people?

Check out there website for more info at http://www.globalwellnessday.org

Working outdoors reduces male kidney cancer risk, study says.

sunlight4

Research shows vitamin D, produced by skin when exposed to ultraviolet light, associated with reduced rate of renal cancer. Men who work outdoors, enabling their bodies to create vitamins through exposure to sunlight, have a reduced risk of kidney cancer, researchers said today. In the largest study of its kind, scientists found that vitamin D – produced by the skin when exposed to ultraviolet light – was associated with a reduced rate of renal cancer of up to 73% among men.

However, the study, published by the American Cancer Society, found that the reduced risk only applied to men – there was no drop in renal cancer among the women studied who worked outdoors. The researchers, from the National Cancer Institute in the US, said the study of 2,500 workers in central Europe supported emerging evidence that the prevalence of a number of cancers, including breast, ovarian and colorectal cancer, was lower when people were exposed to ultraviolet light.

They said vitamin D, a known anti-carcinogenic, was carried by the body to the liver and on to the kidneys, and recommended further research. “Scientific evidence suggests that vitamin D, which is generally made in the body after exposure to the sunlight, may help prevent a number of diseases, including cancer,” the research author, Sara Karami, said. “In our study, we used job titles to estimate sunlight exposure at work. We observed that men with high estimated levels of sunlight exposure had a lower risk of kidney cancer than men who had lower estimated sunlight exposure at work.” Scientists have monitored an increase in renal cell carcinoma (RCC), the main form of kidney cancer, in the US and globally over the past 20 years.

A reduction in vitamin D – probably caused by many more people having sedentary lifestyles and indoor jobs – is believed to be a likely contributory factor. The researchers studied more than 2,500 workers of Caucasian descent in RussiaRomaniaPoland and the Czech Republic, splitting them into three groups according to exposure to daylight in their jobs. A significant fall of up to 38% in the risk of RCC was found with increasing occupational UV exposure among men.

In northern-most regions, that increased to a 73% drop. But after finding no similar decrease in the risk for women, Karami said: “We do not have an explanation for the apparent differences in risk between men and women”. “Biological or behavioural differences between men and women may play a role. For example, hormonal differences may influence the body’s response to sunlight exposure, and men may be prone to working outdoors while shirtless.” Although some foods contain vitamin D, the majority of people receive up to 90% of the chemical through exposure to ultraviolet light. Farm workers and those who receive strong UV light reflected from the sea were in the highest category. Those in high-sunlight jobs were assumed to receive double the intensity of sunlight to those in low-exposure jobs.

Despite the findings, the researchers warned against ignoring the “well-documented risks” of skin cancer resulting from excess exposure to the sun. “There are no public health recommendations from this study. Men and women should continue to consult their healthcare providers regarding the appropriate amount of sun exposure, weighing the well-documented risks between sun exposure and skin cancer risk,” Karami said. Healthy Caucasians can generate a full dose of vitamin D with 10-20 minutes’ exposure to strong sunlight on unprotected skin. After that, photo-degradation ensures no higher levels are created. The anti-carcinogenic properties of vitamin D include the prevention of tumour cell replication.

Source: The Guardian

Vitamin D and the nursing mother

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The not-often-discussed issue of Vitamin D deficiency in nursing mothers is discussed by an expert, and how it can affect the infants in their care. An “adequate” intake for nursing mothers is not the 400 IU/d the IOM recommends, but is instead in the range of 5,000-6,000 IU/d, taken daily. If they get that much, they will meet not only their own needs, but their infant’s as well.

Everyone seems to agree that vitamin D is important throughout life. This is certainly as true in the first year of life as it is later on. For it is during the first year that, in addition to its role in calcium metabolism, this critical nutrient reduces both the risk of current infections and the late-life development of such autoimmune diseases as multiple sclerosis and type 1 diabetes.

Both the Institute of Medicine (IOM) and the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) agree that vitamin D intake during the first year of life should be 400 IU/d. My own estimation of the requirement (for different ages and body sizes) is 65-75 IU/kg body weight per day. For average body weights in infants during the first year of life that rule of thumb computes to somewhere between 300 and 500 IU/d for infants. So, while there is still contention with respect to the optimal intake for adults, there really is no disagreement about how much is needed for infants, either among various authoritative sources or arising from different approaches to the evidence. With respect to infants, 400 IU/d seems to be just about right.

The question is, how is the infant to get that vitamin D? Human milk, in most nursing mothers, contains very little vitamin D. Infant formulas, from various manufacturers, all contain some added vitamin D in amounts calculated to be sufficient to meet an infant’s needs. But extensive studies during the first year of life reveal that less than one-fifth of all infants ever get as much as the recommended 400 IU/d from any source, and fewer than one out of 10 breast-fed infants meet the requirement. As a result, the AAP urges that all infants, regardless of whether they are breast or formula fed, receive their 400 IU/d as pediatric drops. Unfortunately, this recommendation, while appropriate, is not often followed. Most babies are just not getting the vitamin D they need. The late-life consequences of this shortfall could be enormous.

It must seem strange that on the one hand we stress that human milk is the best source of nourishment for our babies, and on the other seem to ignore the fact that human milk doesn’t contain the vitamin D those babies need. The explanation, very simply, is that the disconnect is artificial. Nursing mothers have so little vitamin D in their own bodies that there is little or none left over to put into their milk. But it has not always been this way. We know that the vitamin D blood concentrations that are regularly found today in Africans living ancestral lifestyles are high enough to support putting into breast milk all the vitamin D an infant needs. But the bulk of the world’s population today is not living on the high equatorial plains of East Africa nor exposing much of its skin for most of the day.

Fortunately, we don’t have to return to East Africa. It turns out that, if we give nursing mothers enough vitamin D to bring their blood levels up to the likely ancestral levels, then they automatically put all of the vitamin D their baby needs into their own milk, thereby ensuring that the infant gets total nutrition without the need to resort to vitamin D drops.

How much vitamin D does the mother need so as to ensure an adequate amount in her milk? As with everything else related to vitamin D, there is a lot of individual variation, but it appears that the daily intake must be in the range of 5,000-6,000 IUs. As no surprise, that’s just about the amount needed to reproduce the vitamin D blood levels in persons living ancestral lifestyles today. And while 5,000-6,000 IU may initially seem high, it is important to remember how much the sun produces for us. A single 15 minute whole body exposure to sun at mid-day in summer produces well over 10,000 IU.

There is one important proviso for nursing mothers concerning the needed intake. Those who live in North America and have to rely on supplements should be certain that they take their supplements every day. While for other purposes it is possible to take vitamin D intermittently (e.g., once a week), that doesn’t work for putting vitamin D into human milk. The residence time of vitamin D in the blood is so short that, if the mother stops taking her vitamin D supplement for a day or two, vitamin D in her milk will be low (or absent altogether) on the days she skips. Read full article.

Source: Science Daily

3,7 Mio. Euro aus EU-Projekt: Neue Katalysatoren sollen Wasser mit Hilfe von Sonnenlicht entgiften

Mit Katalysatoren anstreichen / Nanostrukturierte Materialien sollen Wasser mit Hilfe von Sonnenlicht entgiften / EU fördert Projekt „4G-PHOTOCAT“ mit 3,7 Millionen Euro


Katalysator zum Streichen: RUB-Forscher entwickeln mit ihren Kooperationspartnern Katalysatoren, die Wasser mit Hilfe von Sonnenlicht und Luftsauerstoff entgiften. Die Katalysatoren sollen am Ende in Form von einem Anstrich zur Verfügung stehen.

Um Schadstoffe aus Wasser zu entfernen, braucht es prinzipiell nur Licht, Luftsauerstoff und einen Katalysator. RUB-Forscher um Prof. Radim Beránek haben sich mit Experten aus sieben verschiedenen Ländern zusammengetan, um einen Photokatalysator zu entwickeln, der so effizient arbeitet, dass er wirtschaftlich rentabel ist.

Dazu kombinieren sie Halbleiter, die das Sonnenlicht einfangen, mit nanostrukturierten Materialien, deren Eigenschaften sie für Elektronentransferprozesse optimieren. Das Produkt soll am Ende in flüssiger Form vorliegen, so dass Hersteller Photoreaktoren mit dem Katalysator einfach anstreichen können. Die EU fördert das Projekt „4G-PHOTOCAT“ im 7. Rahmenprogramm (FP7) mit 3,7 Millionen Euro für drei Jahre.

Woran es bei der Photokatalyse im Moment noch hakt

Menschen in vielen Ländern der Welt wenden intensiv Pestizide an, die das Trink- und Nutzwasser durch giftige organische Schadstoffe kontaminieren. So gelangten zum Beispiel in den ländlichen Gebieten von Vietnam während des Vietnam-Krieges sehr beständige Herbizide und Dioxine in den Wasserkreislauf, die Krebs oder Missbildungen bei Neugeborenen hervorrufen können. „Die Photokatalyse könnte eine der günstigsten und effizientesten Methoden sein, um Wasser von giftigen Substanzen zu befreien“, sagt Radim Beránek. Durch Licht und Sauerstoff entstehen oxidierende Bedingungen, bei denen die Gifte leicht zu unschädlichen Substanzen wie Wasser und Kohlendioxid abgebaut werden. Bislang hat das Verfahren aber zwei Probleme. Die Abbauraten sind nicht hoch genug und es ist teuer, die notwendigen Reaktoren aufzubauen.

Katalysatoren sollen günstiger und effizienter werden

Im Projekt „4G-PHOTOCAT“ wollen die Wissenschaftler kostengünstige Photokatalysatoren mit einer stark verbesserten Abbaurate entwickeln. Dazu stellen sie neuartige Kompositmaterialien aus Halbleitern und nanostrukturierten Metalloxiden her. Um die optimalen Strukturen zu erzielen, wenden sie moderne chemische Abscheideverfahren an, mit denen sich Zusammensetzung und Struktur des Produkts genau kontrollieren lassen. „Unser ultimatives Ziel ist es, die neu entwickelten Photokatalysatoren in Form einer anstreichbaren Beschichtung herzustellen“, sagt Radim Beránek. „Auf diese Weise angestrichene Photoreaktoren könnten bei der Wasser-Dekontamination in den ländlichen Gebieten zum Beispiel von Vietnam Einsatz finden.“

Kooperationspartner

„4G-PHOTOCAT“ bringt die Expertise von sieben akademischen und drei industriellen Partnern aus fünf EU- und zwei südostasiatischen Ländern zusammen. An der RUB kooperiert Prof. Dr. Radim Beránek mit Prof. Dr. Roland A. Fischer (Anorganische Chemie II), Prof. Dr. Martin Muhler und Dr. Jennifer Strunk (Technische Chemie). Die internationalen Projektpartner sind Forscher vom University College London, J. Heyrovský Institut für Physikalische Chemie in Prag sowie von der Jagiellonen-Universität Krakau, Universität Helsinki, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia und Hanoi University of Agriculture. Außerdem sind industrielle Partner aus Finnland (Picosun), der Tschechischen Republik (Advanced Materials) und Vietnam (Q&A) mit an Bord.

Weitere Informationen

Jun.-Prof. Dr. Radim Beránek, Photoactive Materials Group, Fakultät für Chemie und Biochemie der Ruhr-Universität, 44780 Bochum, Tel. 0234/32-29431, E-Mail: radim.beranek@rub.de

Redaktion: Dr. Julia Weiler

Dr. Josef König | Quelle: Informationsdienst Wissenschaft
Weitere Informationen:
www.ruhr-uni-bochum.de